When it comes to sustainable fabrics, hemp and cotton are two of the most popular options. But which one is better for the environment? Hemp fabric is four times stronger than organic cotton and does not stretch, making it a more durable material. It is also naturally resistant to most insects and diseases, eliminating the need for pesticides or herbicides. On the other hand, cotton is often mixed with synthetic and plastic fibers, which contribute to microplastic pollution in the oceans and air.
Hemp is also currently more expensive to produce than traditional cotton and organic cotton. Hemp advocates claim that the plant could solve many of the environmental problems that stem from the commercial cultivation of cotton. Hemp has a short growing season and a deep root system that allows aeration and constant improvement of soil structure. When comparing land use for hemp cultivation with cotton cultivation, hemp productivity levels are much higher, resulting in a growth of 2,650 pounds of fiber per acre compared to 1,190 pounds of cotton fiber per acre of land.
Nowadays, many brands and fashion designers choose hemp fabrics for their sustainable clothing lines in order to reduce the impact of their clothing on the environment and improve its quality. Hemp fabric is not only used for clothing but also for industrial textiles, paper, bioplastics, insulation, biofuels, strong cords and cables. The seeds are also very nutritious, which is why many people use hemp seeds as part of the paleo diet and other nutrition plans. At a time of crisis due to the COVID-19 pandemic, hemp is particularly useful for making breathable and antimicrobial masks.
In conclusion, hemp is a great ecological resource for the future due to its fast-growing nature and abundance. It produces excellent clothing and shoes that are durable and resistant to abrasion. Hemp also does not require pesticides or herbicides and has a higher productivity level than cotton when it comes to land use. Hemp fabric may be more expensive than traditional cotton but it is worth it in terms of sustainability.